“For the divinity is Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, and the divinity is in the Father, and in the Son, and in the Holy Spirit”

God is one, because divinity is one: a unity without first principle, simple and beyond substance, both inseparable and indivisible. The same is unity and Trinity: the same is a whole unity and the same is a whole Trinity, a whole unity in respect of substance, a whole Trinity in respect of persons. For the divinity is Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, and the divinity is in the Father, and in the Son, and in the Holy Spirit. The same whole is in the whole Father and the whole Father is in the same whole; and the same whole is in the whole Son and the whole Son is in the same whole; and the same whole is in the whole Holy Spirit and the whole Holy Spirit is in the same whole. The same whole is the Father, and is in the whole Father and the whole Father is in the same whole, and the whole Father is in the same whole. And the same whole is the whole Son and the same whole is in the whole Son, and the whole Son is the same whole, and the Son is in same the whole. And the same whole is the Holy Spirit, and in the whole Holy Spirit, and the whole Holy Spirit is in the same whole, and the whole Holy Spirit is in the same whole. For the divinity is neither in the Father in part, nor is the Father in part God; neither is the divinity in part in the Son, nor is the Son in part God; neither is the divinity in the Holy Spirit in part, nor is the Holy Spirit in part God. The divinity is neither separable, nor are the Father, the Son, or the Holy Spirit imperfect God; the same whole is perfect perfectly in the perfect Father; and the same whole is perfect perfectly in the perfect Son, and the same whole is perfect perfectly in the perfect Holy Spirit. For the whole Father is perfectly in the whole Son and in the Spirit; and the whole Son is perfectly in the whole Father and in the Spirit; and the whole Spirit is perfectly in the whole Father and in the Son. Therefore, the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are one God. For the substance, potentiality, and actuality of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are one and the same, since none of them is or is thought without the other.

St Maximus the Confessor

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4 Responses to “For the divinity is Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, and the divinity is in the Father, and in the Son, and in the Holy Spirit”

  1. Fr Aidan Kimel says:

    Try saying this passage aloud very fast. It’s quite the tongue-twister! 🙂

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    • David Llewellyn Dodds says:

      I was thinking it would be lovely to hear the Greek read aloud (maybe in both a contemporary liturgical and a reconstructed late-Antique pronunciation – if different!) – I once heard an interesting lecture by Professor W.G. Stanford demonstrating his theory that the accents in Greek represented changes in pitch…

      This also reminded me of the ‘Athanasian’ Creed – and it would be interesting to hear this recited by a congregation (or given a musical setting like Charles Wiliams imagines for the ‘Athanasian’ Creed in The Greater Trumps).

      (By the way, I think two too many “in’s” have crept into the transcription.)

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      • Fr Aidan Kimel says:

        David, I too thought of the Athanasian Creed when I first read this passage!

        I also thought of Dorothy Sayer’s famous quip: “The Father incomprehensible, the Son incomprehensible, and the whole thing incomprehensible.”

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