Category Archives: Sergius Bulgakov

“The Spirit of the Grand Inquisitor” by Nikolai Berdyaev

This following article was written by the Russian Orthodox Philosopher Nikolai Berdyaev, soon after his friend Fr. Sergius Bulgakov received his first condemna­tion from the Moscow Patriarchate, on September 7th of 1935. It was published in the December issue of … Continue reading

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Freedom of Thought in the Orthodox Church

by Fr. Sergius Bulgakov I do not wish to consider the actual question of my own particular case. I will only try to explain to you the general principles of freedom in the Orthodox Church. Can freedom of thought exist … Continue reading

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Orthodoxy, Dogma, and the Neuralgic Question of Doctrinal Development

The debate on apokatastasis inevitably raises the question: Has Orthodoxy definitively, infallibly, irreversibly, dogmatically rejected the universalist hope? Must Christians believe that some, perhaps many or even most, will—or as some prefer to say may—be eternally damned? Is it constitutive … Continue reading

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Transmutation or Transubstantiation: Sergius Bulgakov and Herbert McCabe on the Holy Eucharist

That the Holy Orthodox Church confesses the Holy Gifts to be the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ no one can doubt. But satisfactory interpretations of the eucharistic mystery are difficult to find. Somewhat surprisingly, Eastern theologians have tended to … Continue reading

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Hell as Universal Purgatory

“A human being cannot fail to love the Christ who is revealed in him, and he cannot fail to love himself revealed in Christ” (The Bride of the Lamb, p. 459). This striking statement represents the most provocative claim in … Continue reading

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The Irresistible Truth of Final Judgment

And he shall come again with glory to judge both the quick and the dead; whose kingdom shall have no end. The Great Assize—I am brought into the courtroom of the Divine Judge. The prosecutor presents a movie of my … Continue reading

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Afterlife Possibilities: Is There Repentance Beyond Death?

If the eschatological vision of Origen, St Gregory of Nyssa, and St Isaac of Nineveh is to be fulfilled, then it must be possible for those who die in a state of alienation from God to subsequently repent of their … Continue reading

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Sergius Bulgakov on Evolution and the Fall: A Sophiological Solution

by Charles Andrew Gottshall Introduction As John Milbank perceptively pointed out in his paper “Sophiology and Theurgy,” the Russian sophiologists of the late 19th and early 20th centuries were far ahead of the West in theologically responding to modernity, including … Continue reading

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