Tag Archives: universal salvation

Was St. Maximus Merely a Hopeful Universalist?

by Mark Chenoweth If St Maximus the Confessor read Jordan Daniel Woods’ essay on the differences between Hans Urs von Balthasar’s hopeful universalism and George MacDonald’s fully confident universalism, with which modern theologian would the saint find himself in agreement? … Continue reading

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“Let Every Mortal Leap for Joy”: Apocatastatic Hymnody in Orthodox Worship

 by Brad (Reader Irenaeus) Jersak, Ph.D. “The primary means of theological education in the Orthodox Church is through worship.” ~ Archbishop (ret.) Lazar Puhalo Hymnody as Theology I began my decade-long journey toward Orthodoxy in 2003 under the tutelage of … Continue reading

Posted in Eschatology, Liturgy & Sermons | Tagged , , , | 36 Comments

Apokatastasis and the Radical Vision of Unconditional Divine Love

What is at stake in the universalist/infernalist debate? Perhaps the best way to answer this is to first identify what is not at stake. What is not at stake is the christological foundation of salvation. I wholeheartedly affirm that salvation … Continue reading

Posted in Eschatology, Grace, Justification & Theosis | Tagged , , , , , , , | 21 Comments

Divine Retribution, Hell, and the Development of Dogma

In A.D. 754 Emperor Constantine convened a counsel of bishops in Hieria to condemn the veneration of icons and prohibit the practice in the catholic Church. It identified itself as the “Holy, Great, and Ecumenical Seventh Synod.” Twenty three years … Continue reading

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Did the Fifth Ecumenical Council Condemn Universal Salvation?

When first presented with the universalist hope, many Orthodox and Roman Catholics imme­diately invoke the authority of the Fifth Ecumenical Council (A.D. 553), citing the famous fifteen anti-Origenist anathemas: “Apokatastasis has been dogmatically defined by the Church as heresy—see canon … Continue reading

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‘That All Shall Be Saved’: A Review of a Review of a Review

It’s not often that one comes across a review of a book review. Sometimes a journal or magazine will give an author the opportunity to respond to a critical review. Sometimes it will publish a second review that offers a … Continue reading

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All shall be well … but how well is hell?

Alle shall be well, and alle shalle be wele, and alle maner of thinge shall be wel.1 Does Julian of Norwich advocate the salvation of every human being? The question haunts readers of her Showings. On the one hand, one … Continue reading

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George MacDonald against Hans Urs von Balthasar on Universal Salvation

by Jordan Daniel Wood, Ph.D. Many a wrong, and its curing song; Many a road, and many an inn; Room to roam, but only one home For all the world to win. (Eve, in MacDonald’s Lilith) I want to put … Continue reading

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