Category Archives: Sacraments

Clinging to Externals: Weak Faith and the Power of the Sacraments

by Phillip S. Cary, Ph.D. Behind the debates about the objectivity of Christ’s presence in the Reformed view of the supper are crucial pastoral questions about the nature of faith, and I think it will bring clarity to the debate … Continue reading

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The Epiclesis Debate at the Council of Florence

by the Very Rev. Christiaan Kappes, S.L.D., Ph.L., Ph.D. It is pretty standard in the history of science to hear about figures such as Copernicus (even if in reality he made but a first step toward a more verifiable cosmology) … Continue reading

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On the Eucharist

by Fr Alexander Men A bird is sitting in a tree singing. Even though its singing seems without purpose, it performs important work: singing is its territorial claim. The part of the forest that hears my voice is mine—says the … Continue reading

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Real Presence vs Really Real Presence: Calvin and Luther on the Supper

by Phillip Cary, Ph.D. Is Christ’s body objectively present in the sacrament, according to John Calvin? Unfortu­nately, that depends on what you mean by “objective,” which is a slippery and ambiguous word with no exact equivalent in the 16th-century discussion. … Continue reading

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Transubstantiation: Was Thomas Aquinas a Semi-Calvinist?

“The colour and shape of the host is not the colour and shape of Christ’s body,” declares Herbert McCabe; “the location of the host, its being on the altar does not mean that Christ’s body is located on the altar; … Continue reading

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Eschatological Transubstantiation

The oblations of bread and wine are placed on the altar. The celebrant offers the prayer of thanksgiving. The narrative of institution is recited. The Holy Spirit is invoked. The Holy Gifts are distributed, and to each communicant is spoken … Continue reading

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The Risen Christ, Body, and the Language of God

Jesus answered and said to them, “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.” The Jews therefore said, “It took forty-six years to build this temple, and will you raise it up in three days?” But … Continue reading

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