Category Archives: Sacraments

The Epiclesis Debate at the Council of Florence

by the Very Rev. Christiaan Kappes, SLD, PhL It is pretty standard in the history of science to hear about figures such as Copernicus (even if in reality he made but a first step toward a more verifiable cosmology) initiating … Continue reading

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On the Eucharist

by Fr Alexander Men A bird is sitting in a tree singing. Even though its singing seems without purpose, it performs important work: singing is its territorial claim. The part of the forest that hears my voice is mine—says the … Continue reading

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Real Presence vs Really Real Presence: Calvin and Luther on the Supper

by Phillip Cary, Ph.D. Is Christ’s body objectively present in the sacrament, according to John Calvin? Unfortu­nately, that depends on what you mean by “objective,” which is a slippery and ambiguous word with no exact equivalent in the 16th-century discussion. … Continue reading

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Transubstantiation: Was Thomas Aquinas a Semi-Calvinist?

“The colour and shape of the host is not the colour and shape of Christ’s body,” declares Herbert McCabe; “the location of the host, its being on the altar does not mean that Christ’s body is located on the altar; … Continue reading

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Eschatological Transubstantiation

The oblations of bread and wine are placed on the altar. The celebrant offers the prayer of thanksgiving. The narrative of institution is recited. The Holy Spirit is invoked. The Holy Gifts are distributed, and to each communicant is spoken … Continue reading

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The Risen Christ, Body, and the Language of God

Jesus answered and said to them, “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.” The Jews therefore said, “It took forty-six years to build this temple, and will you raise it up in three days?” But … Continue reading

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Johannes Brenz on the Real Presence of Christ in the Supper

The First Sermon: On the Substance of the Supper To begin with, therefore, we will consider the words with which the Evangelists and Paul describe Christ’s Supper, so that we may explain what the sacrament of the Lord’s Supper is. … Continue reading

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