Tag Archives: hell

Was St. Maximus Merely a Hopeful Universalist?

by Mark Chenoweth If St Maximus the Confessor read Jordan Daniel Woods’ essay on the differences between Hans Urs von Balthasar’s hopeful universalism and George MacDonald’s fully confident universalism, with which modern theologian would the saint find himself in agreement? … Continue reading

Posted in Eschatology | Tagged , , , , , | 76 Comments

Apokatastasis and the Radical Vision of Unconditional Divine Love

What is at stake in the universalist/infernalist debate? Perhaps the best way to answer this is to first identify what is not at stake. What is not at stake is the christological foundation of salvation. I wholeheartedly affirm that salvation … Continue reading

Posted in Eschatology, Grace, Justification & Theosis | Tagged , , , , , , , | 21 Comments

Divine Retribution, Hell, and the Development of Dogma

In A.D. 754 Emperor Constantine convened a counsel of bishops in Hieria to condemn the veneration of icons and prohibit the practice in the catholic Church. It identified itself as the “Holy, Great, and Ecumenical Seventh Synod.” Twenty three years … Continue reading

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Where is Everybody? Apokatastasis, Divine Charity and Human Freedom

by Richard Bernier, Ph.D. In the 2016 remake of the classic film The Magnificent Seven, a motley crew led by Sam Chisholm, played by Denzel Washington, is called upon to rid a town of a bullying tyrant. In an exchange … Continue reading

Posted in Book Reviews, Eschatology | Tagged , , , , | 55 Comments

‘That All Shall Be Saved’: A Review of a Review of a Review

It’s not often that one comes across a review of a book review. Sometimes a journal or magazine will give an author the opportunity to respond to a critical review. Sometimes it will publish a second review that offers a … Continue reading

Posted in Book Reviews, David B. Hart | Tagged , , , , , , | 34 Comments

All shall be well … but how well is hell?

Alle shall be well, and alle shalle be wele, and alle maner of thinge shall be wel.1 Does Julian of Norwich advocate the salvation of every human being? The question haunts readers of her Showings. On the one hand, one … Continue reading

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Pascha and the Apokatastasis of Judas

But what about the Iscariot‽ The fate of Judas is the challenge most often posed to anyone who dares to proclaim the greater hope. Christians have long debated whether few or many will be saved. St John Chrysostom appears to … Continue reading

Posted in Bible | Tagged , , , , , , , | 5 Comments

St Maximus the Universalist?

By Mark Chenoweth “There was no universalist saint after the fifth ecumenical council (553 CE) because it con­demned universalism as heresy!” Although this exact sentence has never been uttered ver­batim (as far as I am aware), many popular websites certainly … Continue reading

Posted in Eschatology | Tagged , , , , , | 45 Comments