Tag Archives: double agency

Who Hardened Pharoah’s Heart?

In the Exodus story of the ten plagues, who hardens Pharoah’s heart, God or Pharoah? Verses can be cited to support both, and Bible readers have wondered ever since. Modern readers have noted that we should not expect pre-scientific peoples … Continue reading

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Does God “respect” our freedom?

One often finds the following proposition asserted: God has created humanity as free beings and has thus bound himself not to interfere with their free decisions and choice. Divine agency and human agency are conceived as mutually exclusive. In one … Continue reading

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Hugh J. McCann on Divine Agency and Human Freedom

As readers of Eclectic Orthodoxy know, I am fascinated by the topic of divine and creaturely agency. How can human beings be free if God is the transcendent source of the world?  So I immediately jumped to the relevant chapter … Continue reading

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Mysteriouser and Mysteriouser: Divine Agency and Human Freedom

Because God is the infinite source and ground of all reality, he transcendently causes everything that is and everything that occurs, yet not in a way that conflicts with the scientific apprehension of the world. As Diogenes Allen explains: Divine … Continue reading

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Double Agency: Conceiving Divine and Creaturely Causality

We begin, I suggest, by getting clear in our minds the kind of relationship that exists between Creator and creatures: God’s creative activity is not external to the universe, as is our relation to such things as stoves and books. … Continue reading

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